Affixes INSTRUCTIONS FOR SIGNING SOME OF THE COMMONLY USED AFFIXES ONE HANDED AFFIXES (-LESS, -ER, -ING, -EN)All affixes (except –UN) are performed directly after the relevant word. If following a one-handed sign, use the same hand to sign the word ending. to make the sign for the Affix. If following a two-handed sign, keep one hand in place while signing the affix with the other hand. TWO HANDED AFFIXES -Y, -FUL and -LY must of course be performed directly after the sign to which they are attached. -Y. The sign -Y is made by holding both 4f. hs., bs outwd and 4fs. ptg fwd-inwd with their tips one h. breadth apart; then bringing the tips of both 4fs quickly together and returning to original position. (This sign may be used to form such words as (sunny, windy etc.). c -FUL. The sign for -FUL is made by holding one hand (1st h.) as C-h. b.outwd & fs fwd and putting the other (2nd h.) 1,2f.h., b.upwd & 1 & 2fs ptg inwd, with balls of its 1 & 2fs on lower kn. of 1st th., then sliding balls of 1 & 2fs of 2nd h. fwds one h. breadth. (This sign may be used to form such words as helpful, thoughtful etc.). -LESS. The sign for -LESS is made by holding either h. as Y-h., but with 2f. also extended straight, th. & 1 & 2fs ptg inwd & fs fwd upwd; then jerking h. inwds one h. breadth. (c.f. LESS). (This sign may be used to form such words as careless, motherless etc.). -NESS. The sign for -NESS is made by holding either h. as Y-h., but with 2f. also extended straight, th. and 1 & 2fs ptg inwd & fs. fwd-dwd; then jerking h. outwds one h. breadth, at same time closing balls of 1 & 2fs on ball of th. -ER. The sign for -ER is made by holding 1,2f. h., p.fwd-inwd & 1 & 2fs ptg upwd in front of own sh., then jerking h. outwds one h. breadth. (This sign may be used to form such words as follower, learner etc. It must NOT be used to sign the Comparative form of an Adjective. -ING. The -ING ending may be used to form such nouns as swimming, dancing and in such words used as Adjectives e.g. dancing shoes. (A description of the sign is given in Rules for Signing Verbs, p. xxx.) -ED., -EN. The Past Participle form -ED, -EN, may be used to form such words (adjectives) as broken, painted etc. (A description of the sign is given in Rules for Signing Verbs, p. xxx). -LY. The sign for -LY is made by holding both If. hs, bs fwd-outwd & 1fs ptg fwd¬inwd, with tips of their ifs one h. breadth apart; then quickly bringing tips of both 1fs. together and returning to original position. (This sign may be used for such words as quickly, happily etc.). UN-. This affix is signed immediately before the relevant word (eg. UN- happy) The sign for UN- is made by holding 1,2f.h., b.outwd & 1 & 2fs ptg fwd; then by w-a turning h. p.outwd, 1 & 2fs still ptg fwd. (c.f. NOT).