Verbs RULES FOR SIGNING VERBS Verbs may consist of one or more words, e.g. we go, we will be going. Each word has its own sign, and in some cases verb markers will be added to express different tenses, etc, as described below. PRESENT TENSE – 3RD PERSON SINGULAR (e.g. he sees, she walks) Sign the verb then, in the same location, change hand to 1f h, b upwd & 1f ptg fwd. then with 1f trace outwds-dwds semicircle 1f breadth diam. 2-handed signs – after signing the verb keep one hand still while signing 3rd person ‘s’ (as above) with the other hand. Use the moving hand (if only 1 hand moves when signing the verb, eg walk) if applicable. THE PRESENT PARTICIPLE (e.g. going, wanting) Sign the verb then, in the same location, change hand to Th 1f h, th & 1f ptg fwd and fs fwd-upwd, with tip of 1f on ball of th, then by f-a flick 1f fwd-upwds to Y-h. 2-handed signs – keep one hand still while signing –ing ending (as above) with the other hand. Use the moving hand if applicable. SIMPLE PAST TENSE (e.g. walked, went) 1-handed signs Sign the verb and at the same time hold other h as TIME h, then move bkwd-outwds 1h length. 2-handed signs Sign the verb, then keeping one h still, change other h to TIME h, then move bkwd-outwds 1h length. If SURFACE h is incorporated in the verb sign (e.g. sat), then turn over the SURFACE h to a TIME h, then move bkwd-outwds 1h length. PAST PARTICIPLE (e.g. has done, is eaten, have wanted) First sign the verb in the PAST TENSE , then at the end of the bkwd-outwds movement of TIME h, by f-a change the hand to L-h, b upwd & fs fwd-inwd. (commonly called a flap) AUXILIARY VERBS Commonly used auxiliary verbs have their own signs which are listed in the Manual. Specific auxiliaries related to 3RD PERSON SINGULAR, (ie. is, has, does) also have their own signs in the manual.